Sikh Temple Vancouver, BC, Canada Designed 1968, with Geoffrey Massey The Sikh Temple is also known as Gurdwara Sahib, which replaced the original Sikh Gurdwara in Vancouver, believed to be the first in North America. The design was based on a series of square boxes sitting atop one another, shifted forty five degrees to rest on the span across the corners of the box below. As in the Expo' 67 pavilion, the span with each successive addition was reduced. Atop it the typical onion dome advanced by the committee as the necessary crowning symbol was provided by a skeletal ring of lateral bands of polished stainless steel in an S shape forming the typical rajput dome, though skeletal. The receding massing of the exterior structure was clad in travertine tile, which has since been painted. Inside, the receding angular coffers of the ceiling punctured by the skylights, was simply plastered. A rich red carpet covered the floor and on the main walls, a simple paneling pattern was proposed. The temple was surrounded with planted berms to enhance privacy. Originally the temple was to also have a moat around it at the base of the berms, which the entry bridge crosses over. On November 30th, 1969, the 500th birthday of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the opening ceremony of the present Gurdwara Sahib was performed. The Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Ghandi, visited to open the temple on her official visit to Canada.